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Temple of Apollo Palatinus

Temple of Apollo Palatinus

This was the second and by far the most famous temple of Apollo in Rome. It was located on the Palatine within the sacred boundary of the city (the pomerium), on ground that had been struck by lightning and therefore made public property. It was vowed by Augustus in 36 B.C. and dedicated on October 9, 28 B.C. Located next to Augustus' house, the sanctuary contained a famous library, celebrated by the Augustan poets. Many famous statues by Greek masters were on display in and around the temple. Very little remains of the structure; surviving works of art can be seen in the nearby Palatine Museum.

Aedes Palatinus Apollo

From Samuel Ball Platner, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, rev. Thomas Ashby. Oxford: 1929, p. 16-19.

The second and far the most famous temple of Apollo in Rome (Asc. in Cic. orat. in tog. cand. 90; his temporibus nobilissima), on the Palatine within the pomerium, on ground that had been struck by lightning and therefore made public property (Cass. Dio XLIX.15.5). It was vowed by Augustus in 36 B.C. during his campaign against Sextus Pompeius, begun in the same year, and dedicated 9th October, B.C. 28 (Vell. II.81; Cass. Dio XLIX.15.5; LIII.1.3; Suet. Aug. 29; Asc. loc. cit.; Mon. Anc. iv.1; Prop. IV.6, esp. 11, 17, 67; Fast. Amit. Ant. Arv. ad VII id. Oct.; CIL I2 p214, 245, 249, 331; cf. Hor. Carm. I.31, written on the occasion of its dedication; and for incidental reference to its site Ov. Fast. IV.951; Fest. 258; Suet. Nero 25); probably represented on a coin of Caligula (Cohen, Cal. 9-11; cf. Richmond, Essays and Studies presented to William Ridgeway on his Sixtieth Birthday, Cambridge 1914, 203-206; BM. Cal. 41-43, 58, 69) (see also Divus Augustus, templum).

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Additional source material

  • Ancient Library Sources (from Peter Aicher, Rome Alive: A Source Guide to the Ancient City, vol. 1, Bolchazy-Carducci: 2004) [Works cited]

    63. The Temple of Apollo. Sources.


    [After the war against Sextus Pompeius in Sicily, in 36 BC] Augustus returned to the city and announced that he was dedicating to public use those homes which he had purchased earlier through his agents to expand his own home. He also promised to build a temple to Apollo with a portico around it, a project he carried out with exceptional magnificence.

    Velleius, History 2.81.3

    [More primary sources and commentary]

  • Stanford Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project
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  • Wikipedia

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